Freedom Fighters played a great role in the Independence of India. There comes a name, Sarojini Naidu. Today we will discuss the Sarojini Naidu biography.
Sarojini Naidu was a great poet and freedom fighter. Sarojini was the first woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the governor of a state. Sarojini used to write poems, especially on children; there was a flirtation in each of her poems, it seemed that the child inside her was still alive. This is the reason why she was called ‘Bulbul of India’.
Sarojini Naidu’s name comes at the top of the list of great successful women of India. Sarojini did very good work, so she was not less than a precious diamond for the world. Sarojini symbolises respect for all Indians; she is a role model for Indian women, her birthday is celebrated as Women’s Day.
Sarojini Naidu biography
|Full Name||Sarojini Chattopadhyay|
|Born||13 February 1879|
|Parents||Sundari Devi, Dr Aghornath Chattopadhyay|
|Marriage||Dr Govind Rajulu Naidu (1897)|
|Son-Daughter||Padmaja, Randhir, Lilamani, Nilavar, Jayasuriya Naidu|
|Death||2 March 1949 in Lucknow|
Sarojini Naidu was a Raj leader. She was born on 13 February 1897 in Hyderabad, India. Early in his life, he got recognition due to her poems and stories.
In those times when there was no special emphasis on women’s education, she went to England for studies. She also wrote many plays. In 1916, she met Mahatma Gandhi; influenced by him, she started participating in the struggle for India’s Independence.
She did a great job in many important positions of the Indian National Congress, and in 1925 she was elected as the first woman President of the Indian National Congress. After India’s Independence, Naidu became the first woman governor of Uttar Pradesh. Naidu died on 2 March 1949 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
These were the things that I wanted to share in Sarojini Naidu biography.
Sarojini Naidu Education
Next thing that I want to talk about in this Sarojini Naidu biography is education.
Sarojini Naidu is also called Nightingale of India. Sarojini Naidu’s father’s name was Dr Aghornath Chattopadhyay, and her mother’s name was Varad Sundari. Girl Sarojini was very smart in her studies.
Along with this, she was also fond of writing poetry and story. She got this quality from her mother, Varad Sundari, an excellent Bengali poet. Father Aghornath also have a doctorate from the University of Edinburgh.
During her early education, the signs of his being worthy started appearing, and she secured the first position in her state of the matriculation examination. After that, their parents sent her to Cambridge University, LondSentr further studies.
Very few people know that Sarojini Naidu’s brother Virendranath Chattopadhyay was a revolutionary, and the other brother Harindranath was a poet, artist and actor.
Married Life of Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Chattopadhyay tied the knot with Dr Govindarajulu Naidu at the age of just 19. It was an inter-caste marriage which was a very difficult task at that time, but her father gave her consent to the inter-caste marriage to do whatever she wanted to do.
Sarojini Naidu and Govindarajulu Naidu had five children. The same daughter Papadpati Padma also took part in India’s freedom struggle.
Political Life of Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu got recognition as a poet before a politician. During her studies in London, his first collection of poems came to Golden Threshold, which was well received.
Her second collection of poems, Bird of Time and her third collection, Broken Wing, earned her fame and established herself as a great poet. After coming to India, she was influenced by Gandhi and became a part of Congress.
In 1905 she joined the Indian National Congress. She got the opportunity to work with leaders like Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Annie Besant and Jawaharlal Nehru; she had a very close friendship with Annie Besant. Sarojini Naidu played an important role in forming the Women’s Indian Association affiliated with the Indian National Congress.
She also got a chance to preside over the Home Rule League. She also participated in the Round Table Conference held in 1931 with Madan Mohan Malviya. She also had to go to jail during the Quit India Movement in 1942. She had to go to jail several times during the freedom struggle.
Due to her fighting ability and service to the people, she got recognition at the national level, and Mahatma Gandhi himself was also very impressed by her work. His works were respected in Congress Party.
She also had the distinction of being the first woman President of the Indian National Congress. Congress sent her to South Africa by making her a representative. After India became independent, she was appointed as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh.
Major Works of Sarojini Naidu
- At the age of just 12, she composed the Persian play Mehr Munir, which was much liked by the then Nawab of Hyderabad.
- In 1905, her first collection of poetry, Sarojini Naidu poems, The Golden Threshold, was published.
- In 1912, her second collection of poems, Bird of Time, and in 1917, his third collection, Broken Wing, earned him great fame.
- In 1916 she published Muhammad Ali Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity.
- The Scripted Flute: Songs of India in 1943.
- In 1961, her work The Feather of the Dwan was published by her daughter Padmaja Naidu.
- His last work, The Indian Webbers, was published in 1971.
Why Sarojini Naidu’s Birthday Celebrated as Women’s Day
In India, every year on 13 February, the birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu is celebrated as National Women’s Day. She was an inspiration to the women of our country. Sarojini Naidu was a political activist of the freedom movement and a poet. She is called as Bharat Nightingale (Nightingale of India). Sarojini Naidu was a woman who deeply understood and rebelled for the emancipation of women and tried to create awareness. that’s why this is highlighted in Sarojini Naidu Biography
She saw injustice against women in political and legislative bodies. She helped establish the Women’s Indian Association (WIA) in 1917, which secured votes for women and the right to hold legislative office. This was a significant achievement for the women of India contributed by Sarojini Naidu. Our country has certainly evolved to provide women with the rights they deserve. Nevertheless, we still have a long way to go.
As mentioned in Sarojini Naidu Biography, women empowerment is a great example.
Some Facts about Sarojini Naidu
- Sarojini Naidu’s first collection of poems was “The Golden Threadhold”.
- Sarojini Naidu was also known as The Nightingale of India.
- Sarojini Naidu composed the poem “Lady of the Lake” at the age of 13.
- Sarojini’s poems “Bird of Time” and “Broken Wing” earned her the title of a well-known poet.
- Sarojini Naidu married Dr Govindarajulu Naidu in 1898.
- At the age of 12, she passed class 12th.
- Sarojini Naidu’s Mehr Munir was a well-known Persian drama.
10 Things to Learn from Sarojini Naidu
- Be passionate about your career.
- Must be determined.
- Use your voice to stand up in any situation.
- Know the Power of Unity.
- Must have the ability to say right in front of powerful people.
- Should help others.
Sarojini Naidu Death
Sarojini is a symbol of role model for all the women of India; she was a strong woman from whom we get inspiration. After the country’s Independence in 1947, Sarojini became the governor of Uttar Pradesh, and she was the first woman governor. On 2 March 1949, while working in the office, she had a heart attack, and she passed away.
So this was a blog post of Sarojini Naidu biography. Women’s should get inspiration and motivation from Sarojini Naidu. At the end of the Sarojini Naidu biography, we want to say that the blood of Sarojini Naidu played an important role in the Independence of India. As a poet, she gave us many useful books and poems, which gave us her memory. Thank you!